Mechanical engineering refers to the set of knowledge related to mechanics, which is relevant to physical study of systems (movement, deformation, balance, metallurgy) and the technical one (mechanism), which will be used to create the diversity of mechanical products and systems. Combined with electronics, computer sciences and industrial automation, mechanic is the origin of major technological progress and is present in all leading sectors and the most active innovation areas.
At IIT, the choice of mechanical engineering was based on an in-depth analysis of the national industrial environment. It is obvious that this specialty is a technological discipline representing a core business in its own right in the industrial ecosystem, especially those with strategic objectives in the country such as those related to steel construction, manufacturing, petrochemicals, production, transportation and exploitation of conventional and new energies and the field of transportation. Mechanical engineering combines the associated knowledge in an engineering vision.
The role of the mechanical engineer is crucial in monitoring an industrial product throughout its life cycle: research and development, design, pre-project, development, industrialization and organization, operation, recycling, etc. He is in charge of designing, dimensioning, modeling, optimizing, testing, realizing, installing, perfecting and maintaining mechanical systems. A prominent technical and scientific expert is able to work on both machines and advanced software, in collaboration with the design offices. It represents a technical job but rich in innovations, for expert candidates with a passion for technology.
- Activity Sectors
The relevance of the knowledge acquired in mechanical engineering at IIT as well as the versatility of this course allows future mechanical engineers to practice their professions in general in sectors with such various and important stakes:
AS-1. Service sector: Numerical calculation and simulation, design offices and control, industrial consulting and assistance, etc.
AS-2. Industrial sector: Automotive, aeronautics and railways, food processing, equipment, construction, production, robotics, high technological added value services, etc.
AS-3. Research and Development Centers:…..
Mechanical engineers are therefore a crucial link in the industrial ecosystem and can primarily exercise the following professions:
M2- P1- Maintenance Engineer:– :
The industrial maintenance engineer's mission is to ensure the proper work and availability of the production activities’ resources. Within this framework, he implements a corrective and preventive maintenance strategy on the site and manages the teams under his responsibility.
M2– P 2- Production Engineer:
has a versatile role, varying from the analysis of the mechanical requirements of the production to the quality control. Depending on the company’s size, he will be in charge of all or part of these functions. He is a team leader who devotes his time to the office and the workshops. As a good communicator, he knows the company's business, the materials and the specificities of mechanics very well.
M3– P 3- Design or control office engineer:
is a project manager working in the design, research and development departments. A Control Office Engineer is a client, within the framework of a contract, who ensures that the regulatory requirements in terms of safety and structural solidity imposed by legislation are met for a given product/service.
M4–P 4- Materials Engineer:
has a crucial role in the product innovation. He is essentially in charge of the design and the choice to be made in the purchase of the materials to be used, ensures cost reduction and the conformity and optimal use of raw materials.
M5– P 5- Mechatronics Engineer:
is distinguished by his ability to handle electronics, computer sciences and mechanics at the same time, with the aim of designing intelligent and communicating integrated systems, or technological innovations that will be used in the automotive, aeronautics or energy sectors.
M6– Research and Development Engineer:
participates in the design and development of new products, services or processes as part of an innovation project.
M7–Metal Construction Engineer:
is in charge, in the design offices of service companies or engineering companies, of designing construction projects for buildings built from steel frames and structures - in particular industrial buildings, warehouses and shopping centers and or structures such as bridges, footbridges, dam gates...
M8–Project Management Engineer:
Un ingénieur de pilotage supervise une équipe d’ingénieurs, de chargés d’affaires industrielles ou une équipe projet pour mener à termes des projets à forte valeur technique et financière (produits, équipements, installations, prestations, solutions).
M9–9- Energy Engineer
is involved in all areas of energy efficiency, from design to renovations, including management and consultation with project owners and residents, local elected officials and administrations. He also works in the sectors of energy production, transmission and distribution.
The Mechanical Engineering program at IIT aims to provide the engineer with broad competencies: multidisciplinary, scientific and technical. These competencies are divided into the two following classes: generic skills and specific skills.